In 2017, the number of deaths due to AIDS was reduced to 940,000, the “lowest figure we have known in the whole century,” emphasizes Onusida. But it is not enough either. The decline in mortality is mainly due to “sustained access to antiretroviral therapy”.
Today, three out of four people living with HIV are aware of their disease, which is the first step to access medication, which receives 21.7 million people (another record figure: 2.3 million more than in 2016). But, once again, the amount is not enough to reach the goal of 30 million people under treatment in 2020, for which the increase should be 2.8 million people each year. In addition, that growth rate is “slowing down”.
Since the discovery of the virus more than 35 years ago, 78 million people have contracted HIV in the world and 35 million have died from AIDS-related diseases. Today there are 36.9 million people living with him, of whom 1.8 million are under 15 years old. And one of the big problems is that, of them, almost 16 million do not receive the treatment that would allow them to lead a practically normal life.
Increased infections in 50 countries
Onusida is disturbed, and very much, new infections. Globally, with 1.8 million new cases, there has been a slight decrease of 5% compared to 2016. But it does not decrease quickly enough and there is also a worrying increase in infections in some 50 countries, especially in Europe. of the East and Central Asia, where cases have doubled, and in the Middle East and North Africa, where in the last 20 years they have increased more than a quarter.